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There is an urban legend that there is only one fruitcake in the world, but it has been passed around (re-gifted) so many times people think there are multiple. I once sent out holiday cards that had a recipe for fruitcake on the cover, the ingredients of which included a 100-lb bag of cement, rebar, and a keg of nails. If I remember correctly, there were pieces of broken glass to stand in for the candied fruits.
|This image and the image below courtesy of this site.|
Fruitcake is the dessert people love to hate. A tradition for the winter holidays, it can be found in fine gift shops and catalogs or at your local dollar store. Depending on what type you like, and where you buy it (or what recipe you use to make your own), it can be delicious or it can live up to its loathsome reputation.
|This fruitcake is 150 lbs. and measure 5x6'.|
Proof that Texas likes big fruitcakes. ;-)
Fruitcakes were placed in tombs in ancient Egypt. They were also carried by Roman soldiers on the march. Crusaders packed them to take on their way to find the Holy Grail. All these facts attest to their durability, and their reputation for longevity, since ancient times. This durability is what has earned their reputation as doorstops.
|Image courtesy of www.yahoocake.com.|
There are basically two types of fruitcake. The "light" fruitcake is made with light-colored ingredients such as granulated sugar, light corn syrup, pineapples, apricots, and golden raisins. "Dark" fruitcake is made with darker ingredients such as molasses, brown sugar, dates, dark raisins, and prunes. They can contain candied fruits or dried fruits, nuts, spices, and often some kind of liquor. There is a high ratio of fruit and nuts to batter, the batter usually being just enough to hold everything together.
The earliest recipe is from ancient Rome, and lists pomegranate seeds, pine nuts, and raisins mixed into a barley mash. Preserved fruits, honey, and spices were added in the Middle Ages. When it was discovered that sugar could preserve fruits in high concentrations, candied fruits became popular. This also made fruitcakes more affordable. Fruits would be soaked in progressively greater concentrations of sugar. This made both the flavors and colors intensified. The inclusion of nuts caught on in areas where they were grown. In the 18th century fruitcakes, which had by now included some sort of liquor, were outlawed because of it in Europe, but the law was soon repealed because fruitcake had become a standard teatime fare.
|Image courtesy www.farmersmarketonline.com.|
What turns most people off is the candied fruits. Candied citron is made from the peel of that fruit. Pineapple, cherries, and citrus rind is made by dipping or boiling pieces in heavy syrup and then drying them. Often they are then rolled in granulated sugar. The bright green cherries are also a turn-off - the color is unnatural and unappealing. (I personally have never seen fruitcake on a menu, except as one of the multiple offerings at tea.)
|Image courtesy of www.mabelbakes.com. This was made with 23 ingredients.|
The average weight of a fruitcakes is two pounds. Because of the high density of sugar, mold doesn't develop which accounts for much of its longevity. The alcohol helps. Aging is an important element, most bakers agreeing that it should be made at least one month before eating. Kept in an air-tight tin, and moistened with small amounts of alcohol every few months, fruitcakes are said to last three years. This allows the flavors to meld. Since fruits contain tannins, the aging process is similar to wine. When ready to consume, the fruitcake should be heavy but moist. In 2003, Jay Leno made fruitcake history by agreeing to taste test a 125-year-old fruitcake brought to the show by Morgan Ford. The fruitcake was his great-grandmother's, and had been handed down through the generations. Apparently it wasn't lethal.
|Gethsemani Farms in Kentucky is widely praised for their fruitcakes.|
In Manitou Springs, Colorado, there is an annual Great Fruitcake Toss. It is held the first Saturday in January. If you don't have a fruitcake, you can "rent" one for a dollar. Admission is one non-perishable food item. Fruitcakes can be hurled, tossed, or launched by a non-fuel device. There are two weight divisions - two pound and four pound. Fruitcakes must contain glacéed fruits, nuts, flour, and be edible.
|This image and the image below courtesy |
Andra DuRee Martin/Manitou Springs Chamber of Commerce.
In the past there has been four categories. Catch the fruitcake is done by teams. Accuracy at hitting targets placed at 75, 125, and 175 feet is another category. The crowd judges the most creative launch, and finally the showmanship/peoples' choice award is judged by costume, slogans, and decorated devices. The 2012 event will take place on January 14th, from 9:00 A.M. until 2:00 P.M. at the Manitou Springs High School track.
Westerners are not alone in the getting-cakes-we-don't-particularly-want category. Asians have mooncakes - thin and tender crusts with a sweet and dense filling, sometimes with whole salted egg yolks inside to symbolize the full moon. The fillings range from lotus seed paste to sweet bean paste to five kernel (5 types of nuts and seeds mixed with a syrup), depending on the region. They are very, very sweet, and traditionally not very healthy. They began in China, but are now found in Japan, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, and the Philippines. They are traditionally eaten during the Mid-Autumn festival, an important Chinese festival dedicated to lunar worship and moon watching.
|Image courtesy of Wikipedia.|
This year, if and when you receive a fruitcake gift, think of its glorious history.
You can also wonder if the ancients held fruitcake tosses, and if they re-gifted it among themselves as well. Perhaps the one you receive has an illustrious pedigree.
For more information on The Great Fruitcake Toss, check this site.
Fruitcake lovers may want to check this site.